INTRODUCTORY ESSAY. 149 50 inches. The cold season is delightful, -and the hot much more temperate than in the Dekhan, from the more northerly position and the greater humidity, as well as' from the elevation of the table-land. Hot winds seldom blow, as the south-westerly wind sets in long before the commencement of the rainy season. The valley of the Nerbada, being much below -the average elevation of the table-land, is hotter and more humid than the latter. In many places it is well cultivated, but a great part- is hilly, the spurs of the bounding ranges approaching* close to the river, which is so much interrupted by rajpids as to be scarcely navigable. The low hills are usually covered with bush-jungle, and the slopes of the more elevated ranges arc clothed with much dense forest, The flora of Malwah is scarcely known. The forests of the valley of the Nerbada may be expected to present a- consider- able amount of variety, but the climate and physical features do not differ sufficiently from those of Khandesh on the one hand and of Bahar on the other, to lead us. to. expe'ct much novelty. Griffith has described a few:remarkable new forms in a paper in the Journal of the Asiatic Society. 13. GUJERAT, The province of Gujerat separates readily into three divi- sions, which are very distinct in physical features. These are — 1. The peninsula of Katiwar \ 2. The alluvial plain along the Gulf of Cambay, from the Tapti to -the -Gtdf of Kach; 3. The lower slopes of the Vindhia, where they dip into the plains. Katiwar is a mountainous district traversed by two parallel ranges of hills, running east and west, which seem to be con- nected by a north and south axis corresponding in direction, as has been already observed, with the Arawali range. These hills, which rise into peaks about 2000 or 2500 feet in height, make the southern part of the peninsula much more liiunid than the northern, -which participates iu the climate of Sindh.